dog dictionary

Dictionary of dog breeds

Afghan Hound

Large hound with thick, silky, fawn/beige or darker coat and aloof attitude. Requires regular exercise and grooming.
 

Airedale

Medium size, wire coated Terrier with brown and black coat. Can be boistrous, needs regular exercise and careful training.
 

Basenji

Light weight, medium sized Hound with tan/fawn coat. Bred originally in African for hunting. Energetic, can be destructive so needs careful training.
 

Bassett Hound

Short coated, medium height, black tan and white coated Hound. Independent nature, needs exercise and training.
 

Beagle

Small to medium short haired Hound, tan black and white coat. Bred for hunting, energetic and inquisitive, needs exercise and training.
 

Bearded Collie

Medium to large, Herding dog. Long, grey or chocolate coat with white, requires regular grooming, independent nature needs exercise and training.
 

Bedlington Terrier

Small to medium Terrier. Pale grey with woolly looking coat, require regular professional grooming. Independent nature, need exercise and training.
 

Belgian Shepherd Dog

Medium to large Herding dog. Tan, black coat. Short coat requiring regular brushing. Powerful with a dominate nature, need firm training and much exercise.
 

Bernese Mountain Dog

Large, heavyweight Working dog. Black coat with white and tan markings. Strong and intelligent. Need regular grooming, lots of exercise and company.
 

Bichon Frise

Small with white, fluffy, curled coat, Non Working dog. Likes walks, needs regular grooming and company.
 

Border Collie

Medium, Herding dog. Mixed colour coat, black, blue, sable with white. Can be rough coated or smooth, needs plenty of exercise, regular grooming and company.
 

Border Terrier

Small Terrier with wheaten, tan and dark coat. Energetic and intelligent, need exercise and company
 

Borzoi

Tall hound with white, tan or mixed colour silky coat. Highly agile and energetic, need plenty of exercise, regular grooming and company.
 

Boxer

Medium sized, short haired Working dog, brindle or fawn coat with white markings. Very energetic, bouncy dogs, require plenty of exercise and company.
 

Bulldog

Heavy weight, low to medium height Non Sporting dog with brindle, fawn or white coat. Need moderate exercise and training. Enjoy company.
 

Bull Terrier

Large build, medium sized Terrier. Brindle, white, black or tan short haired coat sometimes with head markings. Strong willed, needs training, plenty of exercise and company.
 

Bullmastiff

Heavyweight, large, Working dog. Fawn or brindle short haired coat with dark muzzle. Needs firm training and exercise to avoid weight problems.
 

Cairn Terrier

Small Terrier with short, shaggy fawn coat. Intelligent, like company, need training and room to exercise.
 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Toy dog with black and tan or red and black medium length silky coat sometimes with white. Need regular exercise to keep fit, like company and are a good lap dog.
 

Chesapeake Bay Retriever

Large Sporting with brown waterproof 'double', wavy short haired coat. Needs firm training and vigorous exercise.
 

Chihuahua

There are Long Coated Chihuahuas and Smooth Coated Chihuahuas. They are a Toy breed and are brown, black or white, sometimes with markings. Very affectionate but not good with children, enjoy exercise but don't need much.
 

Chow Chow

There is a Rough Coated Chow Chow and Smooth coated Chow Chow. Medium to large Non Sporting dogs originating in China, chunky build, thick 'double' coat in tan, black, red and grey. Enjoy short walks and need firm training.
 

Clumber Spaniel

Large Sporting dog with soft, white straight coat. Intelligent, affectionate, enjoy being trained, need regular exercise to avoid weight problems.
 

Cocker Spaniel

Small to medium Sporting dog with silky, flat coat in white, black or cream or marked white. Need daily grooming, training and moderate exercise.
 

Curly Coated Retriever

Large Sporting dog with dense, curly coat in liver or black. Strong, affectionate, requires minimal grooming, needs training and plenty of exercise.
 

Dachshund

Small Hound in most hound colours. There is a Smooth Haired Dachshund, Wire Haired Dachshund and Long Haired Dachshund. Requires regular grooming, needs training and daily short walk.
 

Dalmation

Non Sporting, medium size, short haired white coat with distinctive black or liver spots. Need firm training and plenty of exercise, enjoy company.
 

Dandie Dinmont Terrier

Small Terrier with short, coarse silvery grey or brown/fawn longhaired coat. Need regular grooming, not much exercise, gentle training and enjoys company.
 

Deerhound

Large Hound with shaggy, thick, grey coat. Athletic, needs regular exercise with space to run, moderate grooming and training.
 

Doberman Pinscher

Large Working dog in tan, black, red and blue with tan markings. Short, smooth coat, strong, intelligent and assertive, they need little grooming, require plenty of exercise, company and firm training.
 

English Setter

Medium to large Sporting dog with flat, straight, medium length coat in white with black, lemon or chestnut. Needs regular grooming, training and plenty of exercise.
 

English Springer Spaniel

Medium Sporting dog with straight, flat, medium length coat in black or liver and white. Need regular grooming, training, company and exercise.
 

Labradoodle

Increasingly popular cross of poodle and labrador, classified as a Hunting dog. Curly, woolly coat in white, chocolate, black or silver. Needs regular grooming, is easy to train, needs company and exercise.
 

Field Spaniel

Medium sized Sporting dog with flat or wavy black, liver or roan medium length coat. Need moderate grooming, like company, need training and plenty of exercise
 

Finnish Spitz

Non Sporting, medium sized with medium length 'double' coat in reddish gold. Needs moderate grooming, can be strong willed and needs firm training, barks a lot, enjoys company and needs plenty of exercise.
 

Flat Coated Retriever

Medium Sporting dog with fine, flat, black or liver coat. Intelligent, requires regular grooming, plenty of exercise with room to run and needs training.
 

Fox Terrier

There is a Smooth Coated Fox Terrier and Wire Coated Fox Terrier. Small Terriers with white, brown and black markings, full of energy, intelligent. Need training, moderate grooming, enjoy company, needs plenty of exercise and is not good with cats etc.
 

German Pinscher

Medium Working dog. Black and tan, short, glossy coat. Very energetic, requires plenty of exercise, moderate grooming, and needs firm training.
 

German Shepherd Dog

Large Herding dog with thick, straight 'double' coat in tan, black or both. There is a Long Hair German Shepherd, Rough Hair German Shepherd and Long Rough Hair German Shepherd. Intelligent and Energetic they need firm training, plenty of exercise and company.
 

German Pointer

Large, medium build Sporting dog. There is a German Wire Haired Pointer and German Short Haired Pointer they are also known as a Jagdhund. Short, coarse coat in liver or black, liver or black with white markings. Need moderate grooming, firm training, lots of exercise.
 

Golden Retriever

Large Sporting dog with medium 'double' golden coat. Easy to train, affectionate, need daily grooming and exercise.
 

Gordon Setter

Medium to large Sporting dog with black and tan, medium length, silky coat. Easy to train but boistrous, needs company and exercise.
 

Great Dane

Large Working dog with short, thick coat in fawn, brindle, harlequin or black. Needs moderate grooming, regular, long walks, firm training and likes company.
 

Greyhound

Slim, large Hound with short, glossy coat in any colour. Minimal grooming, gentle training, enjoys company, needs regular exercise and shouldn't be kept with cats or small animals.
 

Irish Setter

Large Sporting dog with a medium length silky, mahogany or dark chestnut coat. Energetic and intelligent, needs daily grooming, training and lots of exercise.
 

Irish Terrier

Medium Terrier with wiry 'double' coat in wheaten or gold. Need regular grooming, frim training and plenty of exercise. Not good with other pets including dogs.
 

Irish Water Spaniel

Large Sporting dog with dark brown coat in distinctive tight ringlets. Energetic, requires lots of grooming and exercise, needs firm training.
 

Irish Wolfhound

Very large Hound with medium length rough coat in black, red, white, grey or brindle. Responds well to training, needs lots of exercise and grooming.
 

Italian Greyhound

Small Toy dog with short, glossy coat in most colours except brindle or black. Requires minimal grooming, has a sensitive nature, needs training and lots of exercise.
 

Italian Spinone

Medium large Sporting dog with long, wiry coat in orange, brown, white or mixed. Needs firm training, minimal grooming, lots of exercise and company.
 

Jack Russell Terrier

Also known as the Parson Jack Russell Terrier.Small, sturdy Terrier with short 'double' coat that can be smooth, rough or broken, in white with black or brown markings. Need minimal grooming, lots of exercise, company and firm training. Do not mix well with other pets.
 

Japanese Shibi Inu

Also known as Shiba Inu, medium sized Non Sporting dog with thick short to medium length 'double' coat in any colour. Moderate grooming, needs firm training and regular exercise. Is prone to barking.
 

Kerry Blue Terrier

Large Terrier with medium length soft, curly coat in blue grey colour. Needs professional grooming, firm training and plenty of exercise.
 

King Charles Spaniel

Also known as a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Toy dog with silky coat in black, black and tan, black and white, black and red or red and white. Need regular grooming, genle training, regular exercise and company - can be noisy.
 

Labrador Retriever

Large Sporting dog in yellow, black or chocolate with short, dense, 'double' coat. Easily trained they require minimal grooming, need lots of exercise and like company.
 

Lakeland Terrier

Medium sized Terrier with thick 'double' coat in liver, wheaten or black or wheaten with dark saddle. Needs regular grooming, firm training, regular exercise and enjoys company.
 

Lhasa Apso

Small to medium sized Non Sporting dog with long, heavy 'double' coat in slate, gold or smoke. Need regular grooming, firm training and a small amount of exercise, do not socialise well with other dogs and need company.
 

Malamute

Also known as Alaskan Malamute. Large Working dog with thick double coat in light grey to black with white and sometimes sable. Need regular grooming, firm training and regular exercise, need cool and shade in hot weather.
 

Maltese

Small Toy dog with long, silky, white coat. Need gentle training, a lot of grooming, a little exercise and lots of company.
 

Manchester Terrier

There is a Standard Manchester Terrier and Toy Manchester Terrier. Both have short, glossy black and tan coats. They need company, minimal grooming and plenty of exercise.
 

Mastiff

A very large, heavy Working dog with thick fawn or brindle 'double' coat. They need minimal grooming, lots of company, moderate exercise and can be difficult with other pets and dogs.
 

Mexican Hairless

There are Toy and Standard Mexican Hairless dogs, there are also hairless and coated, the coated Mexican Hairless has a short, shiny coat in black, brindle or fawn. They need company, minimal grooming but do need skin care, require firm training and miniaml exercise.
 

Newfoundland

Very large Working dog with thick water resistant double coat in black or brown sometimnes with white markings. Needs gentle grooming, calm training and regular walks, good with other pets and enjoys company.
 

Norfolk Terrier

Small Terrier with short wiry coat in wheaten, black and tan or red. Needs regular grooming, moderate exercise, enjoys training and company.
 

Norwegian Buhound

Medium sized, short coated Spitz type dog with 'double' coat in wheaten or black. Need regular grooming, firm trainin, company and lots of exercise.
 

Norwich Terrier

Small Terrier with short, wiry coat in wheaten or black and tan. Need regular grooming, firm training, moderate exercise and company.
 

Old English Sheepdog

Large Herding dog with long haired 'double' coat in grey or blue with or without white markings. Needs regular grooming, firm training and moderate exercise.
 

Otterhound

Large Hound with long, shaggy 'double' coat in any colour, mainly brown and grey. Need moderate grooming, gentle training and plenty of exercise. Can be noisy.
 

Papillon

Toy dog, white with patches of black or tan, long, silky coat. Need regular grooming, enjoy training, need regular walks, enjoy company but tends to bark a lot.
 

Pekinese

Also known as Pekingese. Toy dog with long, flowing straight 'double' coat in wide variety of colours. Need frequent grooming, gentle training, do not like other dogs or pets, enjoy company and require very little exercise.
 

Pharoah Hound

Tall, medium weight Hound with short, glossy coat in tan or chestnut. Needs moderate grooming, gentle training, needs exercise and enjoys company.
 

Pointer

Medium to large Sporting dog with short, dense coat in liver, black or orange, often with white. Minimal grooming, needs firm training and lots of space, enjoys companionship.
 

Pomeranian

Small Toy dog with long double coat in any colour. Need regular grooming, firm training including barking control, short walks, enjoy company.
 

Poodle

There are Standard Poodles, Toy Poodles and Miniature Poodles with dense curly coat in a solid colour. Non Sporting dogs. Need extensive grooming, intelligent, needs firm training, enjoys company, tends to bark.
 

Portugese Water Dog

Medium to large Working dog with thick curly coat in black, brown, white, brown and white or black and white. Needs daily grooming, firm training, lots of exercise and enjoys company.
 

Pug

Chunky Toy dog with short, glossy coat in silver, fawn or black with black markings. Minimal grooming, enjoys training, needs moderate walks, likes company.
 

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

Also known as the Pyrenean Mastiff. Very large Herding dog with medium to long coat in white or white with colour patches. Require frequent grooming, need firm training, lots of exercise and enjoy company.
 

Rhodesian Ridgeback

Large Hound with short, dense wheaten coat, distinctive ridge of hair on back. Minimal grooming, needs gentle training, lots of exercise, enjoys company.
 

Rottweiler

Large Working dog with short, dense coat in black and tan. Need minimal grooming firm training, lots of exercise.
 

Saluki

There are Smooth Salukis and Feathered Salukis, they can be white, fawn, black and tan or tricolour or white with patches. Tall, slender Hunting dogs. Need moderate grooming, gentle training, great deal of exercise - when running they may not respond to call.
 

Samoyed

Medium sized Working dog with thick, long, 'double' coat in white, cream or biscuit. Need frequent grooming, firm training, enjoy exercise, enjoy company. Can bark a lot.
 

St Bernard

Also known as Saint Bernard. There is a short haired St. Bernard and a long haired St. Bernard. Very large Working dog with thick, water resistant coat in white with red or brindle. Require regular grooming, firm training, moderate exercise and enjoy company.
 

Schnauzer

There are Giant Schnauzers, Standard Schnauzers and Mini Schnausers. They are Working Dogs in Salt and Pepper or black. They have thick, wiry, 'double' coats. They need regular grooming, plenty of exercise, firm training and do not do well with other pets.
 

Scottish Terrier

Terriers with a thick, coarse, 'double' coat in black, wheaten or grey. Require moderate grooming, firm training, enjoy moderate exercise, need company or can bark excessively.
 

Sealyham Terrier

Terrier with short, straight, coarse, ' 'double' coat in any solid colour, sometimes with tan patches on head. They require moderate grooming, firm training, moderate exercise, can be noisy.
 

Shetland Sheepdog

Also known as the Sheltie. Smaller Herding dog with long, 'double' coat in black or blue with white and sometimes tan. Needs regular grooming, enjoys training, needs lots of exercise. Can bark a lot.
 

Shih Tzu

Toy dog with long, thick, 'double' coat in any colour. Need frequent grooming, training has to be gentle but firm, short walks, needs company.
 

Siberian Husky

Large Working dog with a thick, medium length, 'double' coat in all colours. Need moderate grooming, firm training, lots of exercise and do not get on well with small pets or cats.
 

Skye Terrier

Terrier with long, straight, 'double' coat in black, fawn or cream with dark ears and muzzle. Need regular grooming, firm training, minimal exercise, do not get on with other pets or children.
 

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Muscular Sporting dog with short, soft coat in black, brindle or fawn, sometimes with white. Require minimal grooming, firm training, lots of exercise, enjoy company and do not do well with other pets.
 

Tibetan Spaniel

Small, Non Sporting dog with a medium length 'double' coat in all colours. Need regular grooming, gentle training, moderate exercise, need company and can be noisy.
 

Tibetan Terrier

Medium Non Sporting dog with long, thick, 'double' coat in any colour. Need a lot of grooming, enjoy gentle training, need moderate exercise, enjoy company but are not good with cats.
 

Vizsla

Also known as Hungarian Vizsla. There is a Smooth Haired Vizsla and a Wire Haired Vizsla. They are large Sporting dogs in dark gold. Need minimal grooming, firm training, require a lot of exercise and need company.
 

Weimaranar

Large Sporting dog with short, soft coat in grey. Require minimal grooming, need gentle training, lots of exercise and company.
 

Welsh Corgi / Cardigan Corgi

Small Herding dog with medium length, short, 'double' coat in red, black, sable and brindle with white. Need minimal grooming, enjoy training, need moderate exercise, can be difficult with other dogs.
 

Welsh Corgi / Pembrokeshire Corgi

Small Sporting dog with medium length, coarse, 'double' coat in fawn, black or red with white. Require minimal grooming, enjoys training, exercise and company.
 

Welsh Springer Spaniel

Medium Sporting dog with straight, thick, flat coat in red and white. Need regular grooming, firm training, lots of exercise and enjoy company.
 

West Highland Terrier

Also known as a Westie. Small terrier with thick, wiry, 'double' coat in white. Require moderate grooming, gentle training, plenty of exercise, enjoy company, can be very excitable.
 

Whippet

Small, lightweight Hound with short, smooth coat in most colours. Requires minimal grooming, gentle training, enjoys exercise and company.
 

Yorkshire Terrier

Also known as a Yorkie. Small Toy dog with long, silky coat in blue and tan.Requires daily grooming, firm training, minimal exercise and lots of company.